Breastfeeding is the feeding of an infant or young child with breast milk directly from mother’s breasts (i.e., via lactation) rather than from a baby bottle or other container. Babies have a sucking reflex that enables them to suck and swallow milk. Many specialists recommend mothers exclusively breastfeed for six months or more, without the addition of infant formula or solid food. Mother’s breast milk is considered the healthiest form of milk for babies. Breastfeeding promotes health and helps to prevent disease.
A breast pump is a mechanical device that extracts milk from the breasts of a lactating woman. Breast pumps may be manual devices powered by hand movements or electrical devices powered by batteries or mains electricity.Breast Pumps help extraction of milk when the infant is not able to suck adequately. Most breast pumps allow direct collection of pumped breast milk into a container that can be used for storage and feeding. The expressed breast milk (EBM) may be stored and later fed to a baby by bottle. Expressed milk may be kept at room temperature for up to six hours (at 66-72 degrees Fahrenheit, around 20 degrees Celsius), refrigerated for up to 8 days.
Women may use breast pumps for many reasons. Many women use breast pumps to continue breastfeeding after they return to work. They use the pump to express breast milk, which is later bottle fed to their child by a caregiver. A breast pump may also be used to stimulate lactation for women with a low milk supply. A breast pump may be used to relieve engorgement, a painful condition whereby the breasts are overfull, possibly preventing a proper latch by the infant. If an infant does not latch properly for direct breastfeeding and the mother still desires the benefits of breast milk, she may choose to pump exclusively. If the mother is under medication that affects the breast milk and harmful to the infant, the mother may "pump and dump" the breast milk to keep up her milk supply during this time period of medication and resume feeding after the course of medication is completed. Finally, pumping may be desirable to continue lactation and its associated hormones to aid in recovery from pregnancy even if the pumped milk is not used.
Breast Protection pads, Breast Shells, Breast Shields, Nipple Shields, Bra Pads ( disposable or washable) Hydrogel pads, Nipple formers , Nipple protectors, Nippettes etc. are some of the accessories which help maintain hygiene of lactating mothers and also facilitate easy breast feeding.